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6502 processor info

Posted: Tue May 24, 2016 9:57 am
by whiteshadow
Games List



name year CPU board/rom numbers

Destruction Derby 11/1975 - DD
released by Chicago Coin as "Demolition Derby"

TV Pinball 11/1975 -
Table Pinball 11/1975 -
Table Foosballer 11/1975 -

Death Race 4/1976 - DR
Alley Rally 11/1976 -

Spiders From Space ? - <prototype>
Alley Death Derby ? - Death Race in Alley Rally cab
Super Death Chase ? - Death Race w mods by Arlan Granger

Attack 2/1977 -
Car Polo 3/1977 6502 4000 - 4007
Score 7/1977 - Variation of Destr Derby HW

Football 9/1978 -

-------------------------
'Universal' Game Board V1
-------------------------

Robot Bowl (ckt) 1/1977 6502 4020-4027, 4010-4013
Robot Bowl 8/1977 6502 4020-4027, 4010-4013

Circus 1/1978 6502 9000-9003, 9004-9011
Trapeze 6/1978 6502 ?

Rip Cord 2/1979 6502 RC30-0014 (cpu) 0015 (snd)
9023-9026, 9027-9034, 9035
Crash 7/1979 6502 CR30-3162 (cpu) 3161 (snd)
SA1-SA8, SC1-SC4, SD14

Circus released as "T.T. Acrobat" by Taito as coctail
Trapeze released as "T.T. Trampoline" by Taito as cocktail

-------------------------
'Universal' Game Board V2 (xxL logic, xxA audio)
-------------------------
Kreepy Krawlers 1980 ???
Side Trak 4/1980 6502 STL, STA
Targ 6/1980 6502 HRL, HRA
Spectar 11/1980 6502 SPL, SPA

Mouse Trap 12/1981 6502 MTL, MTA
Teeter Torture 6/1981 6502 <prototype>
Venture 1981 6502 VEL, VEA

Pepper II 6/1982 6502 77-0008,77-0007 PTL, PTA
Hard Hat 1982 6502 HHL, HHA
Fax 6/1983 6502 FXL, FLA
Fax II 1984 6502 FXL, FLA

Bandido 12/1979 8080 Nintendo TWG

Star Fire 12/1978 Z80
Fire One 11/1979 Z80

Tailgunner II 3/1980 custom Sitdown VB "Tailgunner"

Victory 2/1982 Z80/6502 77-0004, 77-0005
Victor Banana 9/1982 Z80/6502 (modification kit for Victory)

---------------
68k color vector games
---------------

Vertigo 1985 68000/6809 (color X/Y)
Top Gunner 1986 68000/6809 (color X/Y flight simulator)

---------------
Atari 400 arcade games
---------------

Astro Chase 1984 6502
Boulder Dash 1984 6502
Bristles 1984 6502
Flip & Flop 1984 6502

---------
440 System
---------
Crossbow 1983 6809 77-0019, 77-0022
Cheyenne 1984 6809
Combat 1985 6809
Chiller 1986 6809
Clay Pigeon 1986 6809
Crackshot 1986 6809
Top Secret 1986 6809
Hit 'n Miss 1987 6809
Showdown 1988 6809
Who Dunnit 1988 6809

---------------
Atari arcade games
---------------

Avalanche 1978
Battlezone 1980
Breakout
Dominos
Qwak!
Sprint 2
Tank
Warlords

History: 6502 & Z80

Posted: Tue May 24, 2016 9:57 am
by whiteshadow
You have to look at the timeline and CPU features a bit to really understand why the 6502 and Z80 dominated the market.

The 6502 was introduced in 1975 and Apple computer was officially formed in the spring of 1976. I'm sure WOZ had started or possibly finished the Apple 1 design before Apple was formed. The Z80 didn't even exist until 1976, in 1975 the competition would have been the 8080 or 6800. The 6800 was several hundred dollars and the 8080 was certainly much more expensive than the $25 6502. WOZ certainly would have had a chance to use the Z80 but I think his mind was pretty much made up by the time it arrived.

The 6809 was introduced in 1978. The Apple series and the PET, were already set on the 6502. Switching to a CPU that wasn't compatible would mean starting code over from scratch. Remember, the code for the later Apples and Commodores grew out of those companies first machines. The Apple II grew out of his Apple 1 design which grew into the Apple II+ and so on. The PET ROM grew into the VIC 20, which grew into the C64, Plus/4, and C128. Each machine's software was the basis for the next machine and with Apple even the hardware was a series of stepping stones.

Atari probably had the opportunity to use a 6809 or 6509 if it had been released. But the 6509 seemed to be vaporware and there was no existing code base for the 6809 to port programs over to the new Atari. The existing 2600 game console had already used a stripped down 6502. Atari had a group of experienced game developers that could easily migrate to the new machine. I'm sure the 6809 was attractive but there were a lot of reasons to stick with the 6502. If the 6509 had been available, Atari probably would have used it and I'm guessing other manufacturers would have started shipping new models with the 6509 as well, after all it would have still supported the 6502 code base. Talk of the 6509 may also have helped convince Atari to stick with the 6502. After all, their computer had a separate board with the CPU and it would be relatively easy to swap in a new CPU that still runs the old software.

So why did anyone use anything but the 6502?
The biggest advantage of the Z80 from a hardware standpoint was the built in DRAM controller. When the Z80 was introduced, other CPUs required external logic to interface to the cheaper DRAM memory chips. This reduced costs and simplified designs. The chip also supported existing 8080 code and support chips.
You saved money by not having an external DRAM controller.
The Z80 also inherited all the 8080 software from the early hobby machines.

WOZ built his own DRAM controller out of standard TTL logic chips. Sure it had a higher parts count but the chips were dirt cheap.
Tandy used the Z80 and didn't require a super Guru to build everything from scratch.
The PET... I think it used the memory controller for the 6800 series but I'm not really up on it's design. It was more expensive as a result.
Atari was designing custom chips already, adding a DRAM controller was no big deal.

Which machine was cheapest? The TRS-80 and it used a Z80.

List of Arcade Game Boards (pcb's)

Posted: Tue May 24, 2016 10:09 am
by whiteshadow
List of arcade system boards

Atari
PONG (1972-1976)
Atari 6800 Based (1976-1979)
Atari 6502 Black & White Raster (1976-1980)
Atari 6502 Color Raster (1977-1989)
Atari 6502 Vector (1979-1980)
Atari Centipede Hardware (1980-1983)
Atari Cyberball Hardware (1989)
Atari Gauntlet Hardware (1985-1988)
Atari Hard Drivin' Hardware (1988-1993)
Atari Missile Command Hardware (1980-1983)
Atari Kangaroo (1982-1983)
Atari Star Wars Vector (1983-1985)
Atari System 1 (1984-1987)
Atari System 2 (1984-1988)
Atari 68000 Based (1982-1992)
Atari DUAL 68000 Based (1989-1990)
Atari G1 (1990)
Atari G42 (1991-1992)
Atari Arcade Classics Hardware (1992)
Atari GX2 (1992)
Atari GT (1994)
Atari Cojag (1994-1996)
Atari Playstation (1996)
Atari Phoenix (1996)
Atari Flagstaff (1996-1997)
Atari Seattle (1997-1998)
Atari Media GX (1998)
Atari Vegas (1998-1999)
Atari Denver (1999-2003)
Bally[edit]
Bally Sente Sac 1 (1984-1987)
Bally Sente Sac 2 (1987)
BrezzaSoft[edit]
Crystal System (2001–2003)

Capcom
Capcom Commando Hardware (1985-1988)
Capcom Section Z Hardware (1985-1987)
CP System (1988–1995)
CP System II (1993–2003)
CP System III (1996–1999)
Capcom PC Based (2013–)

Cave
Cave 1st Generation (1994–2001)
Cave CV1000B (2004–2007)
Cave CV1000D (2008–2012)
Cave PC Based (2009)

CD Express
Cubo CD32 (1995-1999)

Data East
DECO Cassette System (1980–1985)
DECO Laserdiscs (1983-1985)
DECO 8-bit (1986-1988)
DECO 16-bit (1987-1990)
DECO 32-bit (1991-1995)
DECO Simple 156 (1993–1996)
DECO MLC System (1995–1996)

Eolith
Eolith System (1998–2001)
Eolith 16-bit (1999)
Eolith Vegas (2002)
Eolith Ghost (2003–2005)

Examu
eX-BOARD (2008-2010)

Fuuki
FG-2 (1995–1996)
FG-3 (1998–2000)

Gaelco
Gaelco GAE1 (1994)
Gaelco GAE2
Gaelco GG-1v (1998)
Gaelco 3D (1996–1998)
Gaelco PowerVR Based (1999-2002)
Gaelco PC Based (2003–2005)
ICE[edit]
VP101 (2002-2004)

International Games System
PolyGame Master (1997–2005)
PolyGame Master 2 (2007–2011)
PolyGame Master 3 (2012)
IGS PC Based (2004–)

Incredible Technologies
Incredible Technologies 8-bit Hardware (1988-1992)
Incredible Technologies 32-bit Hardware (1992-2002)
Incredible Technologies Eagle Hardware (1999-2005)
Incredible Technologies PC Based Hardware (2005-)

Interpark
NEXUS 3D (2006-2007)

Irem
Irem M-10/M-15 (1979-1980)
Irem M-27 (1980-1981)
Irem M-52 (1982-1983)
Irem M-62 (1984-1986)
Irem M-63 (1984-1985)
Irem M-72 (1987-1990)
Irem M-73 (1991)
Irem M-75 (1988)
Irem M-77 (1988)
Irem M-81 (1989-1990)
Irem M-82 (1989-1990)
Irem M-84 (1989-1991)
Irem M-85 (1990)
Irem M-90 (1991)
Irem M-92 (1991-1994)
Irem M-97 (1992-1993)
Irem M-107 (1993-1995)

Jaleco
Mega System 1 (1988-1993)
Mega System 32 (1993–1997)
Jaleco Tetris Plus 2 (1997-2000)

Kaneko
Kaneko 16-bit (1991-1995)
Super Kaneko Nova System (1996–2002)

Konami
Konami Dual 68000 Based Hardware (1986-1988)
Konami Blades Of Steel Based Hardware (1986-1987)
Konami Xexex Based Hardware (1990-1994)
Konami Chequered Flag Based Hardware (1987-1992)
Konami Twin 16 (1987-1989)
Bubble System (1985)
Konami GX400 (1985-1987)
Mystic Warriors Based Hardware (1993)
Konami GX (1994–1997)
Konami GQ (1995)
Konami ZR-107 (1995–1996)
Konami Baby Phoenix / GV System (1996–2000)
Konami GTI Club (1996–1997)
Konami M2 (1997–1998)
Konami Cobra System (1997)
Bemani DJ-Main (1997–2002)
Konami Hornet (1998–2000)
Konami NWK-TR (1998–1999)
Konami System 573 (1998–2003)
Bemani System 573 Analog (1998–1999)
Bemani System 573 Digital (1999–2004)
Konami TMNT Based Hardware (1988-1991)
Konami TMNT 2 Based Hardware (1990-1993)
Konami X-Men Based Hardware (1991-1992)
Bemani Twinkle (1999–2002)
Bemani Firebeat (2000–2003)
Bemani GSAN1 (2000)
Konami Viper (2000–2005)
Konami Pyson (2001–2005)
Konami Bemani Viper (2003–2006)
Konami Bemani PC Based (2003–)
Konami PC Based (2004–)
Konami Bemani PlayStation 2 Based (2005–2007)

Limenko
Power System 2 (2000–2003)

Metro
Metro System (1992-2000)

MicroProse
MicroProse 3D Hardware (1990-1993)

Midway
Astrocade (1982-1985)
MCR (1981)
MCR II (1981-1984)
MCR III (1983-1985)
MCR-68K (1984-1990)
Y-Unit (1991-1992)
T-Unit (1992-1994)
Wolf Unit (1994-1997)
X-Unit (1994)
V-Unit (1994-1997)
Killer Instinct Hardware (1994-1995)
Midway Seattle (1997-1999)
Zeus (1997-1999)
Midway Vegas (1998-2000)
Zeus II (1999-2000)
Quicksilver II (1999-2000)
Atlantis (2000)
Graphite (2001-2002)

Mitchell
Mitchell System (1988-1991)

Namco
Namco Galaxian (1979-1982)
Namco Pac-Man (1980-1983)
Namco Galaga (1981-1984)
Namco Pole Position (1982-1983)
Namco Super Pac-Man (1982-1985)
Namco Phozon (1983-1984)
Namco Libble Rabble (1983-1986)
Namco Pac-Land (1984-1985)
Namco System 86 (1986-1987)
Namco System 1 (1987-1991)
Namco System 2 (1987-1993)
Namco System 21 (1988-1993)
Namco NA-1 (1992-1995)
Namco NB-1 (1993-1997)
Namco System FL (1993-1995)
Namco System 22 (1993–1995)
Namco System 11 (1994–1999)
Namco System Super 22 (1995–1997)
Namco ND-1 (1995-1996)
Namco System 12 (1997–2001)
Namco Gorgon / System 22.5 (1997)
Namco System 23 (1997–1999)
Namco System Super 23 (1998–1999)
Namco System Super 23 GMEN (1998–1999)
Namco System Super 23 Evolution 2 (1999)
Namco System 10 (2000–2006)
Namco System 246 (2000–2008)
Namco System 256 (2004–2010)
Triforce (2005–2007)
Namco System N2 (2005–2010)
Namco System Super 256 (2006)
Namco System 357 (2007–)
Namco System ES1 (2009–2014)
Namco System 369 (2011–2012)
Namco System 147 (2011)
Namco System ES2 Plus (2012)
Namco System ES3 (2013–)

Nintendo
Nintendo Classic (1981)
VS. UniSystem and VS. DualSystem (1985-1987)
PlayChoice-10 (1986-1991)
Super System (1992-1993)
Triforce (2002-2007)
Unnamed Wii-based arcade board (2008)

Psikyo
Psikyo 1st Generation (1993–1996)
Psikyo SH-2 (1997–2002)

RCI
NEO STANDARD (2011)

Sammy
SSV (Sammy, Seta, Visco) (1993–2001)
Sammy Medal Game System (1999–2004)
Atomiswave (2003–2009)

Sega
Main article: List of Sega arcade system boards
Sega G80 (1981)
Sega System 1 (1983–1987)
Sega System 2 (1985–1988)
Sega System E (1985–1988)
Sega System 16 (1985–1994)
Sega Space Harrier Hardware (1985–1992)
Sega Out Run Hardware (1986–1991)
Sega X Board (1987–1990)
Sega Y Board (1988–1991)
Sega System 18 (1989–1992)
Sega System 24 (1988–1994)
Sega Mega-Tech (1988–1992)
Sega System C2 (1989–1995)
Sega System 32 (1990–1995)
Sega System Multi 32 (1992–1994)
Sega Model 1 (1992–1994)
Sega Mega-Play (1993)
Sega Model 2 (1993–1994)
Sega Model 2A-CRX (1994–1998)
Sega Model 2B-CRX (1994–1998)
Sega ST-V (1995–2000)
Sega System H1 (1995–1996)
WhiteStar (1995–2004)
Sega Model 2C-CRX (1996–1998)
Sega Model 3 Step 1.0 (1996–1997)
Sega Model 3 Step 1.5 (1996–1998)
Sega Model 3 Step 2.0 (1997–1998)
Sega Model 3 Step 2.1 (1998–1999)
Sega NAOMI (1998–2009)
Sega Hikaru (1999–2002)
Sega NAOMI 2 (2001–2006)
Triforce (2002–2006)
Sega Chihiro (2002–2008)
Sega System SP (2004–2009)
Sega Lindbergh (2005–2015)
Sega Europa-R (2008–2011)
Sega RingWide (2009–2012)
Sega RingEdge (2009–)
Sega RingEdge2 (2011–)
Sega Nu (2013–)

Seibu[edit]
Seibu SPI System (1995–1999)

SI Electronics
System Board Y2 (2009–2011)

Seta
Seta 1st Generation (1987–1996)
Seta 2nd Generation (1993–2002)
Seta Aleck64 (1998–2004)

Skonec
SkoPro (2008)

SNK
SNK Rockola Hardware (1980-1982)
SNK Marvin's Maze Hardware (1983-1984)
SNK Main Event Hardware (1984-1985)
SNK Hall 21 Based (1985)
SNK Triple Z80 Based (1985-1988)
SNK Ikari Warriors Hardware (1986-1988)
SNK Psycho Soldier Hardware (1986-1988)
SNK Alpha 68K Based Hardware (1987-1989)
SNK 68K Based Hardware (1988-1989)
SNK Beast Busters Hardware (1989)
Neo Geo MVS (1990–2004)
Hyper Neo Geo 64 (1997–1999)

Sony
ZN-1 (1995–2000)
ZN-2 (1997–1999)

Taito
Taito 8080 Based (1977-1982)
Taito SJ System (1982)
Taito Nunchacken Hardware (1985)
Taito Super Qix Hardware (1986-1987)
Taito N.Y Captor Hardware (1986)
Taito Kick and Run Hardware (1986)
Taito Bubble Bobble Hardware (1986)
Taito X System (1988-1992)
Taito Ninja Warriors Hardware (1987-1989)
Taito Darius 2 Twin Screen Hardware (1989-1991)
Taito Toaplan Hardware (1987-1989)
Taito The Newzealand Story Hardware (1987-1989)
Taito AIR System (1988-1990)
Taito Top Speed Hardware (1987-1990)
Taito Bonze Adventure Hardware (1988-1994)
Taito Z System (1987-1991)
Taito H System (1988-1989)
Taito B System (1988-1994)
Taito L System (1988-1993)
Taito F1 System (1989-1992)
Taito F2 System (1988-1993)
Taito F3 System (1992–1998)
Taito FX-1A System (1995–1997)
Taito JC System (1995–1998)
Taito FX-1B System (1996–1997)
Taito Wolf System (1997)
Taito PPC JC System (1998)
Taito G-NET (1998–2005)
Taito Type-Zero (1999–2002)
Type X (2004–2010)
Type X+ (2005–2007)
Type X2 (2007–)
Type X Zero (2011–)
Type X3 (2012–)

Tecmo
TPS System (1997–2001)

Terminal
TIA-MC-1

Williams
Williams 6809 REV.1 (1980-1985)
Williams 6809 REV.2 (1983-1986)
Williams Z-Unit (1988)
Williams/Midway Y UNIT (1990-1992)